What Science Says About Cannabis Legalization

Among the roaring marijuana debate between liberal leftists and the reserved right wing, the science world has remained considerably mute on the issue of cannabis. Despite holding vast quantities of information on the plant, scientists and doctors lie in the shadows behind overt politicians, new-age musos and enraged soccer moms.

A plethora of statements encircle pot politics, where the touted pain-relieving properties of medicinal marijuana are stacked against the feared health hazards of cannabis use. Do clinical evidence and scientific studies reveal a truth more akin to flowers and space cake or insomnia and drug addiction?

Marijuana contains the substance THC which is known by the majority of people yet assumed without a chemical clue, to be toxic or addictive. THC, short for some long nerdy name you’ll never remember anyway, has been administered in various molecular forms to cancer, HIV and multiple sclerosis sufferers for years with evident success. A recent publication in the British Journal of Anaesthesia 2008 supported the notion of cannabis as an effective way to manage various types of pain, however, codeine and other pain-relieving substances showed similar success.

Before you light your bong in celebration, a 2007 systematic review of the effects of marijuana and psychotic illnesses revealed a dose-related correlation between spliffs and psychosis. The people who lit up more frequently, for a longer number of years and with more potent pot suffered from more mental health issues than non users. It is important to maintain perspective on the fact that excessive abuse of marijuana correlates with mental health complications. Most substances consumed in excess, from candy to cocaine, may have multiple horrifying results including obesity and Keith Richards.

Regarding the effects of marijuana on lungs, more research is required to produce a conclusive result, however, various trials have produced some interesting findings. A publication in the 2010 European Respiratory Journal found cannabis and tobacco had different effects on the lungs, the latter producing severe obstruction of air flow and poor oxygen transfer. Marijuana did not produce these effects, however a 2009 article in the Canadian Medical Association Journal showed links between marijuana, tobacco and COPD (medical jargon for what you know as emphysema). However, tobacco shows consistently more severe effects on lung function and to date, is the only proven preventable cause of lung cancer.

As for the positive benefits, clear the smoke from your eyes and take a look at The Netherlands. A country which legalized marijuana in 1976, is one of the wealthiest, economically stable and prospering countries in the European Union. Interestingly, it is juvenile travellers loading up on their right to get high who are the greatest inconvenience among Dutch society. While alcohol and cigarettes continue to top the death polls in most countries, there is not one recorded reefer-related death in The Netherlands. On the other hand, prescription drug overdose accounted for 20, 950 deaths in the US in 2004.

It seems the highly infectious symptoms of marijuana, including intense fits of laughter, imbecilic smiling and cookie-crumbed couches are hardly reason enough to outlaw the substance when a host of more toxic agents are not only legal, but advertised across the United States and other Western countries. While the debate may continue to rage in the media, research is constantly being released online by less-verbal scientists and medical foundations. Like most relationships, intimate moments with maryjane may mess with your mind. Yet amongst our precarious love affair with fast food, cigarettes and booze, this relationship is unlikely to be fatal.

Denver Mayor Ignores Science in Opioid Response Strategic Plan

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Denver Mayor Ignores Science in Opioid Response Strategic Plan | Kevin Mahmalji

DENVER, CO — During Denver’s State of the City Address, Mayor Michael Hancock addressed many of the biggest issues facing residents of the Mile High City — including his plan to respond to the city’s opioid epidemic. With Denver’s Office of the Medical Examiner reporting 110 overdose fatalities involving opioids in 2017 and data from Denver Needs Assessment […]

Denver Mayor Ignores Science in Opioid Response Strategic Plan | The Daily Chronic

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Cannabis Science 101: The Physics and Chemistry of the Joint

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Cannabis Science 101: The Physics and Chemistry of the Joint
And the long-toke artist. And the many-short-hits believer. Who's right? Let's look into the actual science of the joint, or as the peer-reviewed journals refer to it, the marijuana cigarette. First, a primer about why cannabis is burned and smoked in …
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Legalising medical cannabis sounds great, if you can afford it
“The Government has a duty to ensure that any therapeutic product, including medicinal cannabis, is a safe and effective treatment for public use, and also meets the manufacturing standards that the Australian public expect.” [email protected] …
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Fort Worth cannabis expo draws thousands
The rules were strict this weekend at the Southwest Cannabis Conference and Expo: No Cannabis allowed on site and none allowed to be used. But that only seemed to empower the crowd, intent on helping to make marijuana legal for recreation and …
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Image from page 72 of “Chemistry of pulp and paper making” (1920)
Cannabis Science
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Identifier: chemistryofpulpp00suteuoft
Title: Chemistry of pulp and paper making
Year: 1920 (1920s)
Authors: Sutermeister, Edwin, b. 1876
Subjects: Paper making and trade Wood-pulp
Publisher: New York Wiley
Contributing Library: Earth Sciences – University of Toronto
Digitizing Sponsor: MSN

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Plate 2 Linen {Linum usitatissimum) Magnification 100 diameters. Photographed by-Bureau of Standards.

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Cannabis Science Inc (OTCMKTS:CBIS) Brings CS-TATI-1 To The US FDA

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Cannabis Science Inc (OTCMKTS:CBIS) Brings CS-TATI-1 To The US FDA
Cannabis Science Inc (OTCMKTS:CBIS) a company into the development of cannabis-based consulting, reported a major Collaborative Drug Development agreement with IGXBio and its GenePro®, which is a DNA-based immunotherapeutic. The company's …
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Cannabis Science Inc (OTCMKTS:CBIS) Stock in Focus
Cannabis Science Inc (OTCMKTS:CBIS) was one of the original pot stocks that lit up the bb's and made spectacular gains for investors. Since those heady days however the stock continues to be in steep decline recently dropping below $ 0.05 support.
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Oregon congressman: Pot 'should not be categorized as a Schedule I drug'
As marijuana legalization continues its march forward, and as American power-brokers and politicians have come around to say that cannabis isn't as dangerous as they once said it was, the maze that is the federal government's pot policy is going from …
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Shakespeare was Probably a Pothead, Says Science
The study was set to look at what people were smoking back in the day in England, taking pipes from Shakespeare's garden to run gas chromatography mass spectrometry, which is a very fancy pants, science way of saying they found cannabis on four …
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6 Reasons Why We Need to Support the Scientific Investigation of Medical Cannabis
Nowadays, the only way to determine if medical marijuana will relieve your symptoms is to try it. And even if you do experience relief, you won't know for certain whether it's attributable to cannabis or to the placebo effect because there hasn't yet …
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Science of Analytics

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Analytics is not just pure science; it is part art as well. Organizations that master the fine art of using analytical tools realize increased revenues and enjoy cost savings.

Last week we talked broadly about ANALYTICS. This week we dive into the “SCIENCE OF ANALYTICS.” The scientific approach involves the following four key steps:

1. Observe/define the business problem: Observation is either an activity consisting of receiving knowledge, or the recording of data using scientific instruments. The term may also refer to any data collected during this activity.

Analytics begins with observing the phenomenon and setting up the right business problem. It requires understanding the facts, to which you have ready access, and then drawing conclusions from it to identify the business problem which needs to be solved. For example, a manufacturing company is suffering from declining profits. By looking at their balance sheet we realize that revenues have declined while the costs have remained constant. Through these two facts, we can identify a simple business problem – the manufacturing company must reduce costs or increase revenue if it wants to have the same profitability as before.

2. Hypothesis: A hypothesis is a proposed explanation for an observable phenomenon. People refer to a trial solution to a problem as a hypothesis — often called an “educated guess” because it provides a suggested solution based on the evidence. Researchers may test and reject several hypotheses before solving the problem. Taking the above mentioned example of the manufacturing company, the business may have two sets of hypothesis:

a. Increase Revenue: Within increasing revenue, the firm might think of many different avenues:

Focus on Marketing – Increasing the marketing budget will enable us to increase sales and hence increase revenue.
Focus on Price – By reducing the price of our product we would be more competitive and hence increase sales, which might offset the decrease in sales/unit.

b. Reduce Costs: Within reducing cost bucket, the organization has various alternatives:

Operations cost – By reducing the operations budget (e.g. staff, electricity etc.), we will reduce costs.
Reduce Marketing budget – By reducing the marketing budget, we will save on costs.

As you can see, you can achieve increased profitability by both increasing and decreasing marketing budgets. There are several implications of each action beyond the primary implication and all need to be evaluated. The key element of the hypothesis-building phase is that you should have a mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive set of hypothesis. This means we should think about all the possible sets of relevant hypothesis for the situation at hand and ensure they do not overlap and that together they are complete.

3. Test/Experimentation: An experiment is the step in the scientific method that arbitrates between competing models or hypotheses. Experimentation is also used to test existing theories or new hypotheses in order to support them or disprove them. An experiment or test can be carried out using the scientific method to answer a question or investigate a problem. First, an observation is made and then a question is asked, or a problem arises. Next, a hypothesis is formed and an experiment is used to test that hypothesis. The results are analyzed, a conclusion is drawn, sometimes a theory is formed, and results are communicated through business cases.

A good experiment usually tests a hypothesis. However, an experiment may also test a question or test previous results. The fundamental reason for following this process is to ensure the results and observations are repeatable and can be closely replicated given similar circumstances. Let’s continue with the example above and set up a test for the manufacturing company to learn whether increasing the marketing budget would affect revenue. In this case, we would set up a TEST where we run the EXISTING marketing programs and call it GROUP A while in GROUP B we run the increased marketing program. At the end of the observation time frame (assume 2-3 months), we would measure revenue for GROUP A and GROUP B and understand the differences. As long as the groups have a statistically significant size we should be able to repeat these results.

4. Learn: Learning is acquiring new knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, preferences or understanding, and may involve synthesizing different types of information.

Continuing our manufacturing company example, let’s assume that GROUP B performed far better than GROUP A. Let’s also assume that at the same time we increased marketing our competitors decreased it in the GROUP B target market. Now the question becomes, was the incremental benefit driven by our increased marketing or the fact that competitors reduced their marketing? Assimilating all possible and relevant information is extremely important in order to reach a good decision.

As you can tell, while scientists have been utilizing the above mentioned technique for a long time, businesses are just beginning to use it. This requires a strong commitment to the scientific process and a systematic approach to create a TEST & LEARN environment where you are constantly testing, learning and evolving to create increased bottom line benefits for a company.

Your perfect source of strategic business analytics, analysis of marketing mix model, business intelligence & competitive benchmarking services.

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Cannabis Science Inc (OTCMKTS:CBIS) Continues To Rake Investors' Attention
Marijuana based company, Cannabis Science Inc (OTCMKTS:CBIS) is looking forward to brighter days as more and more states are embracing the pot. Some of the recent developments taking place across the U.S. has helped the cannabis stocks to gain …
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Cannabis Science Inc (OTCMKTS:CBIS) Is Back Where it Began
Cannabis Science Inc (OTCMKTS:CBIS) is sitting just under $ 0.03 on continued excellent volume and strong support. CBIS takes advantage of its unique understanding of metabolic processes to provide novel treatment approaches to a number of illnesses …
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Science Education – Making Science Fun

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Every school in America is required to teach science. This is because science and scientific learning is a fundamental part of our existence. Most everything that we encounter on a day-to-day basis is, in some way, related to science. Even when we are sleeping, science is there to explain why we need to sleep and what takes place while we are sleeping. Because of this, science education is essential to life as we know it. Of course there will be many people who are happy to go through life without knowing how a bird can fly. Even given this fact, there will always be something that they will need to know and understand that is grounded in science. Even if it is something as simple as ‘fire is hot’ or ‘getting punched hurts. Science is there to explain these simple things too.

A good foundation in science through science education is required for all children, but the way that this education takes place is not strictly defined. With that said, many schools will take to science experiments using hands-on science products and supplies. This is an excellent way for students to ‘see’ the science around them. Often times learning from a book can be tedious and will cause students to become uninterested in the subject matter. A science experiment, however, is interactive and forces the students to take part in science learning. These projects don’t have to be complicated and will usually result in a much higher level of learning retention.

There are a few reasons why children better retain knowledge gained through scientific experimentation. One is it allows you to appeal to those children who are visual learners. These students are the ones who need pictures or demonstrations to remember things. Words just don’t stick in their minds as well, but when they can see a science demonstration or visualize an experiment, they can comprehend and retain the subject matter with much better success. Many students tend to thrive in science because it offers the visual aspect that many other subject matters do not.

Another reason that knowledge gained through science experimentation is retained longer by students is because they are actively engaged. They can’t simply skim through the experiment, they have to make sure that they are doing things correctly, and the only way to ensure that is by understanding what is going on. It forces students to understand the science behind what they are doing, and if they don’t, often times the experiment won’t turn out right.

Finally, hands-on science experimentation gives the student a sense of accomplishment. It is a reward of sorts, to have the experiment turn out correctly. That reassurance and sense of achievement at the end of each experiment will cause them to want to do more. It will also give them more confidence in what they are doing and possibly cause them to take up more science projects on their own. They will already be comfortable with the process they need to follow and will merely need their own ideas and theories to start their own projects. Even their own small science projects will increase their knowledge of how the world around them works and functions.

Find unique and innovative Science toys and Science Supplies for Physics and Physical Science. A wonderful resource for science teachers for teaching electrostatics, magnetism, electricity, force, motion, sound, light, color, waves, gas laws, alternative energy, pressure, fluid dynamics and elementary science. For details visit http://www.sci-supply.com

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Cannabis Stocks Buzz – Earth Science (ETST), International Consolidated (INCC …

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Cannabis Stocks Buzz – Earth Science (ETST), International Consolidated (INCC …
INCC (INCC)'s wholly owned partner, Medical Cannabis Holdings, declared that it is on target for leasing personnel, equipment, security, accounting, financing and compliance to Eden's Garden, LLC, the first of MCHI's 10 identified recreational grow …
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Scientists separate medical benefits of THC from "unwanted side effects"
Scientists in Spain believe they have found a way to separate the "medical benefits" of cannabis from the "unwanted side effects". By isolating a specific pathway of serotonin receptors (namely 5-HT2AR), the researchers believe they can maintain the …
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